La Calzada del Gigante está envuelta en mitos e historias fabulosas. Según ellas, la calzada fue construida con rocas de la costa por el poderoso gigante Finn McCool, que nos legó un enclave ricoen leyendas.
La gente de aquí cree que, entre los hexágonos (esas fantásticas formaciones rocosas azotadas por el mar), se esconde verdadera magia. Quizá usted no la note al principio, pero cuando contemple las piedras de cerca, descubra sus leyendas y deje volar la imaginación… la notará.
No es de extrañar que este paraje haya sido declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO. La Calzada del Gigante es una maravilla geológica con más de 40.000 columnas de basalto, producto de una intensa actividad geológica y volcánica.
La Calzada nos permite asomarnos al pasado más ancestral de la Tierra. Un épico legado que debemos al enfriamiento de sucesivos flujos de lava hace 60 millones de años.
El Centro de Visitantes
El Centro de Visitantes de la Calzada del Gigante se alza suavemente, fundiéndose con el paisaje. Sus paredes de cristal, columnas de basalto y modernos interiores lo convierten en un centro realmente innovador. El edificio, diseñado para conseguir la máxima eficiencia energética, dispone de zonas de exposición y un tejado cubierto de césped que ofrece vistas de 360 grados de la costa irlandesa. Aquí la ciencia y la leyenda cobran vida. Explore los espacios interactivos, vea a Finn McCool en la pantalla grande y descubra los secretos de este paisaje fascinante.
Las legendarias formaciones geológicas: la Bota del Gigante, la Silla de los Deseos, el Camello, la Abuela del Gigante y el Órgano.
El nuevo y espectacular Centro de Visitantes
Su zona de exposición, donde cobran vida las leyendas de la zona
La maravillosa flora y fauna. Un lugar ideal para la observación de aves
Una de las costas de acantilados más bellas de Europa
La tienda de regalos, con su encantadora artesanía local
Los deliciosos productos de la región
Recorrido exterior con audioguía
Nuestra cómoda audioguía le acompañará en un maravilloso viaje por la Calzada del Gigante. Gracias a este dispositivo de fácil manejo descubrirá las fabulosas historias que se esconden tras el paisaje y podrá comprender mejor este prodigio de la naturaleza.
Fantásticas rutas a pie
En la Calzada del Gigante hay cuatro rutas espectaculares para hacer a pie. Tras una reciente renovación, se han clasificado por colores según su dificultad. Todas ofrecen magníficas vistas de las bahías y de los abruptos acantilados azotados por el viento y las olas. Hay una ruta para cada visitante, desde el que desea pasear con cochecito hasta el que prefiere una enérgica caminata por la costa.
El clima de la costa norte puede cambiar de repente, así que le recomendamos que venga preparado. Lleve ropa y calzado adecuado, capaz de soportar desde el tiempo más suave al más inclemente.
Las siguientes tarifas incluyen acceso al nuevo Centro de Visitantes, el uso de nuestra audioguía, un folleto orientativo y aparcamiento.
Adulto: £8,50 Niño: £4,25 Familiar: £21*
*(2 Adultos + hasta 3 niños menores de 17 años. Menores de 5 años, gratis)
El autocar lanzadera del Centro de Visitantes a la Calzada del Gigante tiene un coste adicional.
Hágase miembro del National Trust y disfrute de acceso gratuito al Centro de Visitantes de la Calzada del Gigante y a más de 300 lugares de interés. Inscríbase en la Calzada del Gigante o regístrese online en nuestra página web: nationaltrust.org.uk
Compre con antelación y ahorre
Visite la web nationaltrust.org.uk/giantscauseway para comprar sus entradas con antelación y ahorre £1 en las entradas para adulto, 75p en las entradas para niño y £2,50 en la entrada familiar.
Sea ecológico y ahorre
Si accede aquí en transporte público, en bicicleta o a pie, ahorrará £1,50 en la tarifa para adultos, £1 en la tarifa para niños y £3 en la tarifa familiar. Un ahorro ecológico directamente aplicado en el punto de entrada. Este descuento ecológico también está disponible en el Park & Ride del pueblo de Bushmills (de marzo a octubre).
Acerca del National Trust
El National Trust es la mayor organización europea sin ánimo de lucro dedicada a la conservación del patrimonio. El dinero de su entrada nos ayuda a conservar la Calzada del Gigante y otros lugares especiales para beneficio de todos y para siempre. Gracias.
Organización sin ánimo de lucro. No Registro: 205846
Servicios para el visitante
• Exposición interactiva
• Audioguía para recorrido exterior
• Tienda con artículos de artesanía local
• Comida y refrescos de la región en el Centro de Visitantes • AutocarlanzaderaalaCalzada
– con coste adicional (gratis para miembros del National Trust) • Aseos, aseos accesibles, cambiador accesible
• Cambiador de bebés
• Cambio de divisas
• Aparcamiento (3 párquings)
• Servicio Park and Ride desde el pueblo de Bushmills
Calzada del Gigante
Abril, mayo, junio: Julio, agosto: Septiembre:
Noviembre, diciembre: Cerrado:
9.00 – 5.00
9.00 – 6.00
9.00 – 7.00
9.00 – 9.00
9.00 – 7.00
9.00 – 6.00
9.00 – 5.00
24, 25 y 26 de diciembre
A 3 kilómetros de Bushmills. 18 kilómetros de Coleraine, 21 kilómetros de Ballycastle.
En minutos – Desde Belfast 1 hora 25 minutos, desde Londonderry 1 hora 10 minutos, desde Dublín 3 horas 45 minutos.
Aparcamiento Park & Ride
De marzo a octubre puede aparcar su coche en Bushmills y un servicio de autocar le llevará al Centro de Visitantes cada
20 minutos aproximadamente.
Localizaciones en el mapa y navegador por satélite
Centro de Visitantes C944439; Sat Nav BT57 8SU Park & Ride C94104 41034; Sat Nav BT57 8SE
Servicios regulares (algunos solo en temporada alta). Ulsterbus Service 172; Goldline Service 221; Causeway Rambler Service 402; Open top Causeway Coast Service 177;
Antrim Coaster Service 252.
Para más detalles consulte translink.co.uk
Use el servicio regular desde Belfast o Londonderry a Coleraine y desde allí tome el autobús: Ulsterbus Service 172.
NCN93, visite cycleni.com o sustrans.org.uk
La última admisión al Centro de Visitantes es una hora antes de la hora de cierre. Durante la primavera y el verano, nuestros horarios más concurridos son entre 11.00 y 3.00. Le recomendamos que venga temprano o nos visite por la tarde.
La Experiencia para el Visitante “Gigante de la Calzada” costó £18,5 millones. De ese total, el National Trust aportó £6,25 millones, el Ministerio de Empresa, Comercio e Inversiones de Irlanda del Norte, a través del Consorcio de Turismo, aportó £9,25 millones, de los cuales £6,125 millones procedieron del Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional bajo el Programa de Competitividad Sostenible Europea para Irlanda del Norte. La Lotería Nacional contribuyó con £3 millones.
Giant’s Causeway (czyli “Grobla Olbrzyma”) obrosła mitami i legendą. Wykuł ją jakoby z linii brzegowej mocarny olbrzym, Finn McCool,
po którym pozostała mnogość ludowych opowieści.
Miejscowi wierzą, że wśród sześciokątnych bazaltowych kolumn, mitycznych figur ciosanych w skale i wzburzonego morza kryje się prawdziwa magia. Nie zawsze da się ją od razu dostrzec, ale kiedy stanie się na tych kamieniach, zagłębi się w legendy i puści wodze wyobraźni, wystarczy poczekać…a bardzo szybko da odczuć się
Trudno się dziwić, że to miejsce trafiło na Listę Światowego Dziedzictwa UNESCO. Giant’s Causeway to geologiczny cud – ponad 40.000 spasowanych ze sobą bazaltowych kolumn to rezultat intensywnej aktywności wulkanicznej i geologicznej.
Giant’s Causeway pozwala zajrzeć w najdawniejszą przeszłość Ziemi. To niezwykła podróż poprzez liczący 60 milionów lat spadek po stygnących i kurczących się kolejnych wyciekach lawy.
Centrum Obsługi Turysty
Wtapiające się w krajobraz, z przeszklonymi ścianami, kolumnami z bazaltu i nowoczesnym wnętrzem, Centrum Obsługi Turysty Giant’s Causeway jest naprawdę rewolucyjne. Energooszczędny budynek mieści kilka ekspozycji, a kryty darnią dach pozwala podziwiać 360-stopniową panoramę wybrzeża Causeway. To tu ożywa zarówno nauka jak i legenda. Zatrzymajcie się Państwo przy interaktywnych wystawach, obejrzyjcie Finna McCoola na dużym ekranie i zagłębijcie się w tajemnice tego pełnego inspiracji krajobrazu.
Lokalne legendy zilustrowane fascynującymi eksponatami
Fantastyczne ptaki, kwiaty i dzikie stworzenia
Jeden z najpiękniejszych w Europie klifowych krajobrazów nadmorskich skał
Sklep pamiątkarski z miejscowymi wyrobami rękodzieła
a także warto sprobówać pysznych lokalnych przysmaków i przekąsek
Nasz prosty w obsłudze, kieszonkowy audioprzewodnik pozwoli Państwu odbyć własną, odkrywczą podróż po Grobli Olbrzyma – Giant’s Causeway. Przewodnik zawiera wpisane w krajobraz legendy i oferuje unikalne spojrzenie na ten cud natury.
Wspaniałe szlaki piesze
Wokół Giant’s Causeway wytyczono cztery piękne trasy piesze. Ostatnio zostały one ulepszone i oznakowane kolorami. Każda z nich otwiera zapierające dech w piersiach widoki na złomiska klifów oraz zatoki targane przez wiatr i fale. Mamy tu szlaki dla każdego – od przechadzki z dziecinnym wózkiem, po stawiające poważne wyzwania skalne ścieżki.
Klimat i odzież
Bądźcie Państwo przygotowani na raptowne zmiany pogody na Północnym Wybrzeżu. Załóżcie więc odpowiednie wycieczkowe ubranie i wygodne buty, dobre na słońce i słotę.
Bilet obejmuje wstęp do Centrum Obsługi Turysty, audioprzewodnik, ulotkę orientacyjną i parking.
Dorośli: £8.50, Dzieci: £4.25, Rodziny: £21*
*(2 dorosłych + do 3 dzieci i młodzieży poniżej 17 lat. Dla dzieci do 5 lat wstęp wolny)
Za autobus wahadłowy z Centrum Obsługi Turysty do Grobli Olbrzyma Giant’s Causeway naliczana jest dodatkowa opłata.
Wszystkim członkom National Trust, przysługuje wstęp za darmo do Centrum Obsługi Turysty Giant’s Causeway oraz ponad 300 innych godnych zwiedzenia atrakcji turystycznych. Członkostwo można zarejestrować na miejscu, lub na stronie internetowej nationaltrust.org.uk
Taniej przy zakupie z wyprzedzeniem
Na stronie internetowej nationaltrust.org.uk/giantscauseway można zakupić bilety z wyprzedzeniem i zaoszczędzić 1 funta na wstępie dla dorosłych, 75 pensów na bilecie dla dziecka i 2,50 funta na bilecie rodzinnym.
Zielono znaczy ze zniżką
Jeśli przyjedziecie Państwo transportem publicznym, na rowerze, lub przyjdziecie pieszo, otrzymacie zniżkę £1,50 od biletu dla osoby dorosłej, £1 od dziecinnego i £3 od biletu rodzinnego. Zielone zniżki otrzymuje się w kasie. Zniżkę otrzymuje się również w punkcie parkowania i dojazdu transportem publicznym (Park and Ride)
w Bushmills (od marca do października).
Czym jest National Trust
National Trust to największa w Europie organizacja dobroczynna skupiona na zachowaniu dziedzictwa naturalnego i kulturowego. Wniesiona przez Państwa opłata za wstęp pozwoli nam dbać o Giant’s Causeway i inne specjalne miejsca i obiekty – na zawsze i dla wszystkich. Dziękujemy.
Zarejestrowana organizacja dobroczynna nr: 205846
Udogodnienia na miejscu
• Interaktywna wystawa
• Sklep pamiątkarski z wyrobami miejscowego rękodzieła
• Lokalna żywność, potrawy i napoje w Centrum Obsługi Turysty • Autobus wahadłowy do Causeway dostępny dla wózków
inwalidzkich – za dodatkową opłatą (za darmo dla członków
• Toalety, toaleta dla niepełnosprawnych z przebieralnią • Pokój do przewijania niemowląt
Autobus kursuje co ok. 20 minut z miejscowości Bushmills, od marca do października.
Współrzędne na mapie i w nawigacji satelitarnej
Centrum Obsługi Turysty: C944439; Sat Nav BT57 8SU Autobus “Park and Ride”: C94104 41034; Sat Nav BT57 8SE
Regularny serwis, częściowo obsługiwany sezonowo.
Ulsterbus Service – linia 172; Goldline Service – linia 221; Causeway Rambler Service – linia 402; Open top Causeway Coast Service – linia 177; Antrim Coaster Service – linia 252.
Dalsze szczegóły na stronie internetowej translink.co.uk
Regularne połączenia z Belfastu, lub Londonderry do Coleraine, następnie przesiadka na autobus – Ulsterbus Service – linia 172.
NCN93, visit cycleni.com, lub sustrans.org.uk
Ostatni goście wpuszczani są na teren Centrum Obsługi Turysty na godzinę przed czasem zamknięcia. Wiosną i latem najbardziej ruchliwy okres przypada między 11.00 a 15.00, prosimy więc o wcześniejszy przyjazd, lub zaplanowanie odwiedzin wieczorem.
Organizacja zwiedzania Giant’s Causeway kosztowała 18,5 miliona funtów. Z tego National Trust pokrył £6,25 mln, Ministerstwo Przedsiębiorczości, Handlu i Inwestycji przyznało £9,25 mln poprzez Zarząd Turystyki Irlandii Płn – z czego £6.125 mln pochodziło z Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego UE (w ramach Europejskiego Programu Zrównoważonej Konkurencyjności), a £3 mln przyznał Fundusz Dziedzictwa Loterii Publicznej (Heritage Lottery Fund).
Il Selciato del Gigante è avvolto da un’atmosfera mitica e leggendaria. Fu il potente gigante Finn McCool a scolpirlo nelle rocce della costa, lasciando dietro di sé la sua antica dimora, ricca di folklore.
La gente del posto pensa che sugli esagoni, le leggendarie formazioni rocciose che si protendono tra le onde del mare, aleggi un’atmosfera intrisa di magia. Potreste non percepirla subito.
Ma una volta giunti qui, salite sulle pietre, lasciate andare la
Non c’è da stupirsi che questo luogo sia stato denominato Patrimonio dell’Umanità dall’UNESCO. Il Selciato del Gigante, infatti, è una meraviglia geologica. Con il suo reticolo di più di 40.000 colonne di basalto, è il risultato di un’intensa attività vulcanica e geologica.
Il Selciato vi offrirà la possibilità di gettare uno sguardo sul passato più remoto del nostro pianeta. Un’eredità che affonda le proprie epiche radici in 60 milioni di anni di storia, scolpita da fiumi di lava successivi, che si sono raffreddati e poi ritirati.
Il Centro Visitatori
Innalzandosi e armonizzandosi perfettamente nel paesaggio con le sue pareti di vetro, le colonne in basalto e gli interni all’avanguardia, il Centro Visitatori del Selciato del Gigante è una struttura
davvero innovativa. L’edificio, che risponde ai criteri di efficienza energetica, vanta diversi spazi espositivi e un tetto ricoperto da un manto erboso con viste a 360 gradi sulla costa. È qui che il valore scientifico del Selciato e le storie che lo avvolgono prendono vita. Esplorate i suoi spazi interattivi, guardate Finn McCool sul grande schermo e scoprite tutti i segreti di questo emozionante paesaggio.
Da non perdere
Le leggendarie formazioni rocciose – lo Stivale del Gigante, la Sedia dei desideri, il Cammello, la Nonna del Gigante e l’Organo
Uno strabiliante Centro Visitatori tutto nuovo
Le storie del posto rivelate da straordinarie mostre
Bird watching, flora e fauna spettacolari
Alcune delle scogliere più suggestive d’Europa
Negozio con oggetti di artigianato locale
Deliziosi prodotti e snack locali
La nostra audioguida maneggevole e facile da usare, vi accompagnerà alla scoperta del Selciato del Gigante in un tour personalizzato.
La guida vi svelerà tutte le storie di questo magnifico paesaggio, offrendovi uno sguardo unico sulle meraviglie del Selciato.
Sono quattro gli spettacolari percorsi che potete seguire al Selciato del Gigante. Risistemati di recente, sono segnalati da colori diversi e offrono viste mozzafiato sulle scogliere frastagliate e sulle baie solcate dal vento e dalle onde. Ci sono percorsi adatti a tutti: dal sentiero percorribile con le carrozzine al percorso per gli amanti del trekking.
Le condizioni meteorologiche della Costa settentrionale possono mutare da un momento all’altro. Per cui vi suggeriamo di indossare abiti e scarpe adatti per un clima che può variare da mite a ventoso.
Il biglietto di ingresso comprende l’accesso al nuovo Centro Visitatori, l’uso dell’audioguida, l’opuscolo di orientamento e il parcheggio.
Adulti: £8.50 Bambini: £4.25 Famiglie: £21*
*(2 adulti + fino a 3 bambini sotto i 17 anni; bambini al di sotto dei 5 anni, ingresso gratuito)
Servizio navetta dal Centro Visitatori al Selciato del Gigante: a pagamento (non incluso nel biglietto d’ingresso)
Diventate membri del National Trust. Potrete accedere gratuitamente al Centro Visitatori del Selciato del Gigante, nonché ad altri 300 luoghi di interesse, tutti da scoprire. Iscrivetevi oggi qui oppure on line all’indirizzo nationaltrust.org.uk
Ingressi ridotti in pre-vendita
Collegatevi al sito nationaltrust.org.uk/giantscauseway per acquistare in pre-vendita i biglietti di ingresso. Sconto di £1 per l’ingresso adulti, di 75p per l’ingresso bambini e di £2.50 per l’ingresso famiglie.
Sconti per gli amici dell’ambiente
Se arrivate al Selciato con i mezzi pubblici, in bicicletta o a piedi, potrete usufruire di uno sconto di £1.50 per l’ingresso adulti, di
£1 per l’ingresso bambini e di £3 per l’ingresso famiglie. Lo sconto viene applicato all’ingresso. Lo sconto per gli amici dell’ambiente è disponibile anche presso il parcheggio di interscambio con servizio “Park and Ride” del villaggio di Bushmills
(da marzo a ottobre).
Il National Trust
Il National Trust è la più grande organizzazione di beneficienza europea per la conservazione dei beni naturali/culturali. Il prezzo del biglietto d’ingresso ci aiuta a prenderci cura del Selciato del Gigante e di altri posti speciali, per tutti. Grazie.
Ente di beneficienza registrato, numero: 205846
Strutture di accoglienza
• Mostra interattiva
• Negozio con oggetti di artigianato locale
• Prodotti alimentari e snack locali nel Centro Visitatori • Navetta per il Selciato accessibile alle sedie a rotelle –
a pagamento, non compresa nel biglietto di ingresso
(soci del National Trust, gratuita)
• Toilette, toilette per disabili, spogliatoio
• Informazioni turistiche
• Ufficio cambio valuta
• 3 parcheggi auto
• Parcheggio di interscambio con servizio “Park and Ride” dal
I parcheggi auto del Selciato del Gigante
Parcheggio di interscambio
(servizio “Park and ride”)
Strada percorribile a piedi
Ferrovia turistica di Bushmills
Poco più di 3 km da Bushmills. Poco meno di 7 km da Coleraine. Circa 8 km da Ballycastle.
Tempi di percorrenza in auto – Da Belfast 1 ora e 25 minuti; da Londonderry 1 ora e 10 minuti; da Dublino 3 ore e 45 minuti.
Parcheggio di interscambio
(servizio “Park and ride”)
Disponibile dal villaggio di Bushmills, da marzo a ottobre. Il servizio è operativo ogni 20 minuti circa.
Coordinate per cartine e navigatori satellitari
Centro visitatori C944439; Navigatori satellitari BT57 8SU Parcheggio di interscambio C94104 41034;
Navigatori satellitari BT57 8SE
Linee autobus con servizio regolare. Alcune linee sono stagionali. Ulsterbus Service 172; Goldline Service 221; Causeway Rambler Service 402; Open top Causeway Coast Service 177 (autobus scoperto); Antrim Coaster Service 252.
Per ulteriori informazioni: translink.co.uk
Linee ferroviarie con servizio regolare da Belfast o Londonderry a Coleraine, poi cambio con linea di autobus – Ulsterbus Service 172.
NCN93, visitare i siti cycleni.com o sustrans.org.uk
villaggio di Bushmills
Orari di apertura
Febbraio e marzo: Aprile, maggio, giugno: Luglio, agosto: Settembre:
Novembre e dicembre: Chiusura:
dalle 9.00 alle 17.00 dalle 9.00 alle 18.00 dalle 9.00 alle 19.00 dalle 9.00 alle 21.00 dalle 9.00 alle 19.00 dalle 9.00 alle 18.00 dalle 9.00 alle 17.00 24, 25, 26 dicembre
L’ingresso al Centro Visitatori è consentito fino ad un’ora prima dell’orario di chiusura indicato. In primavera e in estate, si registra la maggiore affluenza tra le 11.00 e le 15.00. Vi suggeriamo di arrivare presto o di programmare una visita nel tardo pomeriggio/sera.
Like us on Facebook: facebook.com/giantscausewaynationaltrust
Follow us on Twitter: @GCausewayNT
Lo sviluppo delle strutture, dei percorsi e dei servizi che ruotano intorno al Selciato del Gigante ha richiesto un investimento di 18,5 milioni di sterline. Il National Trust ha contribuito con 6,25 milioni;
il Ministero per le Imprese, il Commercio e gli Investimenti, tramite l’Ente per il turismo nord-irlandese, ha messo a disposizione 9,25 milioni, di cui 6,125 sono stati stanziati dal Fondo europeo per lo sviluppo regionale nell’ambito del Programma per la competitività sostenibile europea per l’Irlanda del Nord, mentre il Fondo della lotteria per il patrimonio nazionale ha stanziato 3 milioni di sterline.
Der Giant’s Causeway ist von Sagen und Mythen umwoben. Aus der Küste gehauen vom mächtigen Riesen Finn McCool, der eine faszinierende Landschaft voller Geschichten hinterließ. Die Leute hier sind überzeugt, dass zwischen den hexagonalen Säulen, den geheimnisvollen Felsformationen und der stürmischen See echte Magie herrscht. Es ist nicht immer sofort zu erkennen. Doch besuchen Sie diesen Ort, stellen Sie sich auf die Steine, lassen Sie Ihrer Fantasie freien Lauf – und warten Sie ab! Dann dauert es nicht lange, bis auch Sie es spüren.
Es überrascht nicht, dass dieser Ort von der UNESCO zur Welterbestätte erklärt wurde. Der Giant’s Causeway ist ein geologisches Wunder mit mehr als 40.000 ineinandergreifenden Basaltsäulen – das Ergebnis intensiver vulkanischer und geologischer Aktivität. Der Causeway bietet einen Einblick in die Urzeit unserer Erde. Er ist die grandiose Hinterlassenschaft von Lavaströmen, die hier vor 60 Millionen Jahren abkühlten und schrumpften.
Das Besucherzentrum am Giant’s Causeway fügt sich nahtlos in die Landschaft ein; mit Glaswänden, Basaltsäulen und hochmodernem Interieur ist das Gebäude absolut innovativ. Das energieeffiziente Zentrum beherbergt mehrere Ausstellungsräume, und das Grasdach bietet einen Rundumblick auf die Causeway-Küste. Hier werden Wissenschaft und Legenden zum Leben erweckt. Erkunden Sie die interaktiven Exponate, lernen Sie Finn McCool auf der Leinwand kennen und entschlüsseln Sie die Geheimnisse dieser faszinierenden Landschaft.
Lassen Sie sich nichts entgehen:
• Legendäre Felsformationen — der Stiefel des Riesen, der Wunschstuhl, das Kamel, die Großmutter des Riesen und die Orgel
• Atemberaubendes neues Besucherzentrum
• Faszinierende Exponate mit spannenden Geschichten
• Breite Vielfalt an Vögeln, Blumen, Tieren
• Überwältigende Klippen, die zu den schönsten Europas zählen
• Shop mit ortstypischem Kunsthandwerk
• Köstlichkeiten aus der Region und Erfrischungen
Audioführungen im Freien
Unser benutzerfreundliches Audio-Handgerät führt Sie auf Ihre ganz persönliche Entdeckungsreise um den Giant’s Causeway. Die Führung erzählt die Geschichten der Landschaft und bietet einzigartige Einblicke in das Wunder des Causeway.
Am Giant’s Causeway gibt es vier fantastische Wanderrouten. Die Wege wurden vor Kurzem saniert, sind farblich gekennzeichnet und bieten atemberaubende Aussichten auf zerklüftete Klippenund Buchten, die von Wind und Wellen gepeitscht werden. Wir bieten Routen für alle Bedürfnisse: vom kinderwagenfreundlichen Spazierweg bis zur anspruchsvollen Küstenroute.
Das Wetter an der irischen Nordküste ist sehr wechselhaft – seien Sie also vorbereitet: Kleidung und Schuhe sollten für milde bis wilde Witterungsbedingungen geeignet sein.
Der Eintrittspreis beinhaltet Zugang zum neuen Besucherzentrum,
Audioführung im Freien, Orientierungsplan und Parkgebühren.
Erwachsene: £8,50 Kinder: £4,25 Familie: £21*
*(2 Erwachsene + bis zu 3 Kinder unter 17 Jahren, freier Eintritt für
Werden Sie Mitglied im National Trust – Sie erhalten freien Eintritt zum Besucherzentrum am Giant’s Causeway und zu mehr als 300 weiteren Sehenswürdigkeiten. Werden Sie heute hier Mitglied oder melden Sie sich online unter nationaltrust.org.uk an.
Im Voraus kaufen und sparen
Besuchen Sie nationaltrust.org.uk/giantscauseway und kaufen Sie Ihre Eintrittskarten im Voraus. Sie sparen £1 pro Erwachsenem, £0,75 pro Kind und £2,50 pro Familie.
Grün reisen und sparen
Wenn Sie mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln, per Fahrrad oder zu Fuß eintreffen, sparen Sie £1,50 pro Erwachsenem, £1 pro Kind und £3 pro Familie. Der grüne Rabatt wird an der Eintrittskasse gewährt. Der grüne Preisnachlass steht auch am Park & Ride Parkplatz in Bushmills zur Verfügung (März bis Oktober).
Über den National Trust
Der National Trust ist die größte gemeinnützige Natur- und Kulturschutzorganisation Europas. Ihre Eintrittsgebühr hilft uns, den Giant’s Causeway und andere Sehenswürdigkeiten zu bewahren – für immer, für jeden. Vielen Dank.Als gemeinnützige Organisation eingetragen unter der Nummer: 205846
Der letzte Einlass zum Besucherzentrum ist eine Stunde vor der
jeweils angegebenen Schließzeit. Im Frühling und Sommer ist das
Besucheraufkommen von 11–15 Uhr am größten – kommen Sie also
frühzeitig oder am Abend.
Klicken Sie „Gefällt mir“ auf Facebook: facebook.com/giantscausewaynationaltrust
Folgen Sie uns auf Twitter: @GCausewayNT
Das Giant’s Causeway Besuchererlebnis kostete £18,5 Millionen. Von diesem Finanzierungspaket stellte der National Trust £6,25 Mio. zur Verfügung, das britische Handelsministerium über das nordirische Fremdenverkehrsamt £9,25 Mio., wovon £6,125 Mio. vom europäischen Regionalentwicklungsfonds im Rahmen des europäischen Programms für nachhaltigen Wettbewerb für Nordirland bereitgestellt wurden. Der Heritage Lottery Fund spendete £3 Mio.
There is accommodation for every budget, from boutique guesthouses with panorama and luxury hotels to rustically styled glamping and campsites.
The Causeway Coastal route in Northern Ireland offers an abundance of exciting things to do, historical sites, geological wonders such as the Giant’s Causeway – UNESCO World Heritage Site, cosying cafés, vibrant bars and mouthwatering restaurants. You could easily spend days exploring every nook and cranny along this beautiful coast.
But if you’re short on time, why not make the most of the weekends? With plenty of accommodation options to choose from, you’ll find yourself spoilt for choice. So whether you fancy glamping under canvas or staying in luxury lodges, you can guarantee you’ll get the best deal along this stunning coastal route.
You can’t stay much closer to Giant’s Causeway than at the Causeway Hotel. The Causeway Hotel is located right near Giant’s Causeway Visitors Centre and just a short walk to the head of the footpath that winds its way down to the hexagonal rocks.
Both the Causeway Hotel and the Giants Causeway Visitor Centre are run by the National Trust for Northern Ireland North Coast
The Giants Causeway hotel itself is a little piece of history, too. Now a Grade II-listed building, it was first constructed in 1836 and was the first and still one of the best hotels near where visitors to this stretch of coastline could stay.
Rooms facing the Atlantic best have panoramic views across the north coast past Dunluce Castle and Portrush toward Portstewart Strand for their sunset coastal sea views.
The hotel offers free parking, which is handy when it’s normally $8.50 per day to park in the visitor Centre, free wifi and is only a stone’s throw from the main event making the Causeway Hotel the perfect location for visiting the Giants Causeway or just Northern Ireland in general.
Bushmills Inn, Bushmills
Just a short trip down the road from the Giants Causeway hotel is one of the most well-known hotels in Northern Ireland. The Bushmills Inn is a historic building which has been updated into an upmarket boutique hotel. The current owners have created rooms that retain their original features from its days as coaching inn in the 17th century.
The name Bushmills may well precede it, thanks to the town’s well-known Bushmills whiskey distillery, just a short walk up the road. Try a tipple at the classy wood-panelled bar of the Bushmills Inn, Rooms range from a hayloft snug double room to larger rooms with four-poster beds. The inn even has its cinema.
Blackrock House, Portrush
Price: From £145 per night (3-night minimum stay)
In the bustling city of Portrush, BlackRock House provides boutique bed & breakfast accommodations that fuse modern style with laid-back coastal life. This is the perfect relaxing retreat after a busy day, boasting panoramas of the golden beaches across the wild Atlantic ocean. Hearty breakfast is served to refuel you for a busy day tomorrow, while the cosy lounge is the perfect place to curl up with a good read when you return home. And as for your private balcony in summer, it’s the ideal spot for sunset drinks!
The Carrick, Portrush
The Carrick sits in the beautiful seaside town of Portrush, on the stunning North coast of Northern Ireland. The Edwardian townhouse dating back to 1905 has been sympathetically renovated to the highest standard to create this Luxurious B&B. With many of the building’s original features maintained while incorporating every possible modern convenience, we guarantee you a wonderful stay and the perfect spot to explore everything the North coast offers, including The Giant’s Causeway and nearby Game of Thrones film locations. Only 1.2 miles from Royal Portrush Golf Club, home of the 148th Open Championship. Bookings can be made directly with the property or via the website.
Elephant Rock, Portrush
Price: From £120 per room per night
This beautiful 18-bedroom Victorian terrace was built in 1920. It features stunning sea views and has been extensively refurbished to create an elegant, sophisticated, glamorous atmosphere. It’s located in the centre of Portrush, so it’s also home to one of the best restaurants- open for breakfast, lunches and dinners.
The Salthouse, Ballycastle
Price: From £160 per night
This five-star hotel offers 24 stylishly decorated rooms and suites, a relaxing spa and laid-back bar, and a fine dining restaurant.
Located in its private grounds in the heart of the beautiful Antrim coast, The Salthouse overlooks the rugged cliffs of Ballycastle, the picturesque town of Fairhead, and beyond.
Bayview Hotel, Portballintrae
Price: From £169 per night
The Bayview Hotel is located in the picturesque village of Portballintrae. It has an open fire and an expansive view from the balcony. Its Porthole Bar and Restaurant is ideal for relaxing after an adventure along the Causeway Coast.
Me & Mrs Jones, Portstewart
Price: From £150 per night
Located in the seaside town of Portstewart, this boutique guesthouse offers comfortable accommodation for guests who want to enjoy the sights and sounds of the area. It also serves up a delicious meal at its award-winning restaurant. Overlooking the “Prom” towards Portstewart Strand beach, this is the perfect base to explore Portstewart after your trip to the Giants Causeway
Ballygally Castle, Ballygally
Price: From £119 per night
Perched on the edge of the famed Causeway Coastal Route lies Ballygally Castel, an impressive 17th-century fortress overlooking Ballygally bay. Said to be haunted by a ghostly presence, the accommodation is home to a spooky Ghost Room and Dungeon. Other parts of the building offer beautifully appointed guest suites with stunning ocean vistas. The Garden Restaurant overlook the gardens and serves excellent food.
Carnside Guest House
Carnside Guest House is on an elevated site with spectacular views of the Giant’s Causeway (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Portrush and Donegal. 10-minute walk to Giant’s Causeway and three restaurants.
Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge, Dunluce Castle and Bushmills Distillery are nearby. This area is a walkers paradise, and Carnside is an ideal base for a three-day walking holiday or for those wishing to have a relaxing holiday.
Ballyvoy Camping Barn
Price: £25 per person per night
This is the perfect place for those who are on a tight budget. This cute little Barn in the tiny hamlet of Ballyvoy is much better than staying in a regular hostel. Each room has a comfortable bunk bed and ensuite bathrooms, while a large kitchen/dining room is the perfect place to hang out with friends.
Or, you could just head across the street to Hunter’s Restaurant, where they serve delicious food at affordable prices. And Barnish Cafe is right next door, so you can grab something to eat after your hike.
Price: £140 per night
It’s on the Causeway Coastal road, from Larne to the Giant’s Causeway. It’s a lovely place to stay if you want peace and tranquillity. You can take walks in either direction, visit the Giant’s Causeway and the nearby town of Ballycastle, or even go surfing!
The cottage has two bedrooms – one double and one single. It converts into a king-size bed.
We’ve been fortunate enough to feature in these publications
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The restaurant located next to the Giants Causeway Visitor Centre, overlooking the Causeway Coast, serving contemporary dishes, and local food from northern Ireland’s local produce from farm shops.
The Causeway Hotel gave off an inviting atmosphere and made us want to linger for longer than usual. It felt very fancy fine dining and made me feel very spoilt for Sunday lunch or traditional afternoon tea
The decor fits in beautifully with the history of the building, which dates back to 1842 – including tall window panes, antique brass light fixtures, ornate mantles, high-backed chairs, and delicate chandeliers dangling from the ceiling. The rooms we stayed in felt like they belonged in a castle but still exuded that sense of home.
The kids’ menu with a fun title, “Little Giants.” If you’re familiar with me, you’ll realise I’m a big fan of these small details. It’s such an adorable name for a children’s menu when visiting the Giant’s Causeway.
When we ordered for our kids, they were offered some colouring books and felt pens to keep them entertained until their food came.
It was so lovely! The whole place had such a cosy feeling – the beautifully soft leather sofas and wonderfully purple high-backed armchair were inviting. I think you could chill out here for a bit after a long hike from the Giant’s Causeway without any doubts.
The Smuggler’s Inn is situated in an idyllic countryside setting only two kilometres from the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Giant’s Causeways and Causeway headland and two kilometres from Bushmill’s distillery.
Our inn is within easy reach of the historic town of Dunluce castle and several local golf courses, including Portballintraig (Bushfoot), Royal Portrush and Port Stewart.
Whether you’re staying for a short break or extended holiday, we offer comfortable accommodation and friendly service. We provide a range of facilities, including wireless internet access, TV, DVD player, games room, children’s play area and secure off-road vehicle storage. You can also enjoy a meal in one of our restaurants or take advantage of our bar menu.
MINI MAEGDEN, BUSHMILLS
It’s hard to beat a good grilled cheese sandwich at any time, but if you’re looking for a particularly delicious one, look no further than Maegden. Served from a 1950’s caravan pitched up in a field a stone’s throw from the Giant’s Causeway and one of the best places to eat after your walk down to the stones. Using
Maegden (pronounced May-den) produce absolute perfection when it comes to toasties sandwiches/grilled cheese that is made with love and flavoured with some of the best local produce from Northern Ireland, the two girls produce absolute perfection when it comes to toasties.
There’s plenty of seating and site parking at Maegden for you to relax and take time out on the causeway coast. It opens every day from March to October between 11:00 and 17:30 but closes on Tuesday afternoons.
We recommend leaving space between the last bite of a toastie and the first sip[ of Bushmills whiskey on the distillery tour
Dogs accepted as well, with facilities catering dogs and other pets
The Bilberry Mill Cafe in Bushmills High street, just across from the park and ride to the Giants Causeway, is one of our Favourite places to eat. They have a great selection of tasty treats with traditional and contemporary dishes.
On a damp day, its a great place to get a cuppa and a bite to eat before heading to the Causeway and on sunny days, you can enjoy the sun on your face outside in their pavement seating area and watch the world go by.
You’ll be glad to know dogs accepted here, and you will find the restaurant owners full of Irish hospitality for your whole family.
Visitors will enjoy the Irish charm at Bushmills Inn. Still, they might also want something different than oak-panelled walls and peated wood fireplaces. Next door is the light and airiness of the French Room restaurant.
Undoubtedly one of Northern Ireland’s best places to eat for food lovers, stop on the causeway coastal route. With a mix of fine dining, Sunday lunch, afternoon tea and sample some of Northern Ireland’s and the causeway coastal route fine food and local produce
The French Huguenot community has left its mark on the area by contributing to the local economy. It would be lovely to visit again for a cup of tea or coffee and some cake.
On the way along the causeway coastal route to Ballycastle, the Glens of Antrim, stop by Broughgammon Farm outside Ballycastle. The owners, Becky and Charlie Cole, run their farm shop and cafe, a hidden gem that sells locally sourced meats and local produce. And they have a blog where they share tips about seasonal living on their county Antrim land.
Make sure to visit their goat herd in their barn, where they had lots of fun and mischief, chewing my hands and looking at me with curious gazes. It was great for all the family.
Artisanal farmers like Becky and Charlie in northern Ireland sell their products at local marketplaces, farm stores, and delis along the causeway coast.
They offer cookery courses and classes for people who want to learn about farming, cooking, and growing vegetables.
Set on the dock in Portrush Harbor, smack dab in the middle of the harbour, in an old Lifeboat Station, is the perfect place to rest your feet after a day spent exploring the Causeway Coast. This isn’t your average coffee shop offering good food in northern ireland.
This café takes what they do seriously and puts it in a location where people can enjoy it without going far. With Koppi being the roast of choice here for owner Georges Nelson and his staff, its the best option in port if you want something delicious and fresh with a spot of Irish hospitality.
They also serve breakfast and lunch, so you can grab a bite before or after your walk around the area.
You can also find facilities catering dogs outside
There’ll be one for everyone at the Ramore Group’s harbour event. Six different restaurants and bars catering to different tastes, but most importantly: Bringing loads of people to the County Antrim seaside village.
The Wine Bar
With a lively atmosphere and contemporary menu, The Wine bar is one of the highlights of any social savvy crowd, as testament by the long queues to get a shared table and the extensive menu. Many a selfie will be had on a night while “Ramoring” in Northern Ireland on the Causeway coast
The Harbour Bar
The Harbour Bar is one of the oldest bars in town, serving delicious pints and showcasing an impressive gin collection upstairs.
The Harbour Bistro
The Harbour Bistro downstairs has an excellent modern feel with indie tunes playing and a wood-fired oven turning out mouthwatering pizzas.
Neptune & Prawn
Neptune & Prawn serves Asian-influenced dishes with a twist and caters to kids with play areas and family meals.
The Mermaid is a relaxed all-rounder offering everything from breakfast to dinner, with a great range of menus and prices.
The Tourist is their fast food option with burgers, pizzas and Mexican street food. And if you fancy something a little bit special, head to the wine bar. Full details of each venue can be found online.
You really can’t beat a trip to the Central Bar in Belfast. With warm Northern Irish hospitality, the menu is always popular. Using locally sourced food, you can expect a traditional steak from the local butcher, fresh fish and chips and a stylish cocktail bar on hand.
So whether you’re after a fun night out or just an informal bite to eat, the Central Bar should tickle your fancy!
MORTON’S FISH AND CHIP BAR
This Ballycastle institution, situated on the harbour, is renowned for the best fish and chips on the Causeway Coast if not Northern Ireland.
The family own their own fishing boats and also have a fishmonger selling the fresh fish next door so you can be sure that the fish is ultra-fresh and cooked to order.
Locals travel miles to buy fish and chips here and sit eating it with a view of the harbour.
URSA MINOR BAKEHOUSE, BALLYCASTLE
There is only ever so much space in any given area, so it was inevitable that the North Coast would end up with a baker specialising in baked goods.
In Ballycastle, there is only so much room for a cafe serving delicious food and warm drinks. Here, it is no secret that a slice of freshly baked bread is the best thing to eat.
But it is also not a secret that Ursa Minor is the best place to get such a loaf. With a menu full of tasty treats, it is clear that Ursa Minor is a place where people come to enjoy themselves.
And suppose you are lucky enough to find yourself in Ballycastle. In that case, you can take advantage of the excellent service and tasty food at Ursa Minor.
HARRY’S SHACK, PORTSTEWART
It was a surprise to see Harry’s Shack on the beautiful North Coast of County Antrim, but not a shocker. I’d heard so many good things about Harry’s Shack that I had been determined to go there and managed to squeeze it into a trip to Mussenden Temples and the Giants Causeway.
One of the places to eat, The Shack is an outdoor restaurant overlooking the sea where you can enjoy delicious seafood dishes with organic ingredients. I was shocked by the food quality at the Shack because I had expected mediocre fare.
The Giant’s Causeway, near Bushmills, has been drawing thousands of tourists from near and far with its mystery and rare geological formations, however, long before modern transport made the journey (slightly) more accessible for travellers to make their way to the County Antrim Coast and the UNESCO World Heritage site situated on one of its most northerly points, people have wondered about the story of how it came to be.
From our article on the Geology of the Giants Causeway here, we know how the Causeways 40000 or so Hexagonal shaped columns were actually created, through Volcanic activity around 60 million years ago.
However, this still does little to take away from the magical atmosphere that permeates around the mighty columns of the Causeway, seemingly adding to the myths and legends that have been passed down from generation to generation told by local storytellers for millennia.
Finn McCool (otherwise known as Mac Cumhaill in Irish ) was a legendary warrior in Irish mythology associated with the Finnian’s (An Fhiannaíocht in Irish), a tribe of peoples who inhabited Ireland before the Celts. In most tales about this legendary warrior, he is not said to be a giant, however, in the myths around the Causeway, he is made out to be a giant of extraordinary height. Some tales are said he stood 54 feet, or 16 meters, tall.
Ireland, Scotland and the Isle Of Man share mythological stories that have Finn playing a central role. For example in the case of the Causeway, it is sometimes said to be a collection of stepping stones that allowed Finn to travel at will between the Causeway and the Scottish Coast without getting his feet wet
Fionn Mac Cumhaill Early Life
The Boyhood Deeds of Fionn documents Finn Mac Cool childhood. Finn mac cumail (Finn McCool) mother was Muireann Muncháem (Muirne). His grandfather on his mothers side was a druid Tadg mac Nuadat, who lived on the hill of Almu. He had foreseen her marriage would result in losing his home, so spurned any potential suitor. This forced Cumhal, the leader of the feared Fianna warriors who had fallen in love, to abduct her. Outraged at this, Tadg appealed for help to the High King of Ireland, Conn of the Hundred Battles. Conn agreed and forbade the relationship, sending his troops after the newly outlawed Cumhal.
The armies of Conn and Cumhall met at the Battle of Cnucha, and Cath Cnucha Cumhal was slain by Goll Mac Morna (who then became the leader of the Fianna). Muraine was returned to her father by King Conn and was discovered to be pregnant. Outraged and shamed, her father rejected her and ordered his followers to burn her. Conn interjected and instead sent her to the Druidess Bodhmall, who was Cumhal’s sister, and into the protection of her husband Fiacal mac Conchinn.
Muireann gave birth to a son called Deimne. It was evident the boy’s father Cumhal still had enemies, so with a heavy heart, she left her son with Bodhmall in Ballyfin, a small village in Sliabh Bladhma (Slieve Bloom Mountains), Laois. Muirne later married the king of Kerry.
Fionn was brought up by two foster mothers in secret, Bodhmall and her companion Liath Luachra, who were known as great warriors. They hid the boy in the forest and taught him how to be a great warrior and joined him on several adventures. Word of young Fionn’s adventures was beginning to spread, and his foster parents were worried his father’s enemies would find him so confident they had taught him all they could, sent him into the service of local kings to work, but each time he would be recognised as Cumhal’s son. In fear of being unable to protect him, he was forced to move away yet again. It seems this nomadic lifestyle took him South to West Cork to serve the King of Bantry.
Finn Mac Cumhal And The Salmon of Knowledge
The most famous story of young Fionn was met he met the Druid and Poet Finnegas (Finn Eces) near the River Boyne, which is North-East of Ballyfin. It is said young Deimne studied under him so would have likely been after leaving the Slieve Bloom mountains and before heading South to Cork.
The druid Finnegas had spent seven years trying to catch the Salmon of Knowledge which inhabited a pool in the River Boyne. It was foretold that whoever ate the salmon would gain all the knowledge in the world, gained through the fishes diet of holy tree hazelnuts. With Finn’s help, the fish was finally caught, and the boy was tasked with cooking it.
While doing so, Deimne burnt this thumb on the fish and put it in his mouth to soothe the pain. Instantly Finn was given the salmon’s wisdom, and when Finnegas saw this, he gave Finn maccool the rest of the salmon to eat. This knowledge guided Fionn on how to gain revenge against Goll for killing his father. In later stories, it was said he could call on the salmon’s knowledge by sucking his thumb.
Aillen and leadership of the Fianna
In Irish Mythology Aillen (or Áillen) was an incendiary being, who played the harp and sung beautiful songs. Also called the burner, the member of the Tuatha Dé Danann resided in Mag Mell, the underworld. They were thought to be personifications of darkness, chaos, death, drought and blight.
Each year the Gaelic festival Samhain marked the end of the Harvest Season and was celebrated 31st October to 1st November. Much like the modern Halloween, it was essentially a day for the Dead. It was said that the sídhe fairy mounds were always open at Samhain, and these portals to the Otherworld allowed the souls of the dead and the supernatural beings to enter the mortal world.
This allowed Aillen the opportunity to cross over every year, which he had done for 23 years. Some stories call him a Goblin, rather than a supernatural being from the underworld.
Each year the High King of Ireland hosted a celebration gathering at the capital Tara (County Meath) for the Lords, Nobles and local Kings. And each year the mobile fire-breather Aillen lulled everyone to sleep with his music and burned down the palace of Tara. Makes you wonder why they had the party there in the first place. But one Samhain, young Fionn Mac Cumhail was there. This could have been while serving the King of Bantry, but a version says he was wandering on his travels and saw the party and joined the craic. Either way, he heard the stories of Aillén mac Midgna, and how he put everyone to sleep with his music. Even the fearless Fianna who were guarding the place under the leadership of Goll mac morna. But young Fionn had a trick up his sleeve, well a spear anyway. Legend says he put the spear into flames and pressed the hot blade against his head to stay awake, and drove the weapon into the Tuatha Dé Danann. As a reward for this feat, King Cormac granted anything he desired, and Fionn announced his heritage and requested his father’s leadership of the Fianna which was granted. Another version says this was one of three strenuous tests set by King Cormac for Finn to became the leader of Clan Bascna. Regardless, with his army rightfully behind him, the young warrior addressed his Grandfather Tadg mac Nuadat and demanded compensation for his father’s death. He was given Dun Almhain, the Hill of Allen.
Fionn Mac Cool Later Life
As leader of the feared Fianna, Fionn mac Cumhail had many more adventures documented in other stories in the Fenian Cycle.
The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Gráinne
The aging Fionn Mac Cumhaill was promised the hand of his daughter Gráinne by High King Cormac mac Airt, but at the wedding feast, she falls for the handsome young lieutenant of the Fianna, Diarmuid Ua Duibhne. She forces him to run away with her, perhaps to avoid the married life. Fionn and the Fianna chase them all over Ireland until finally making his peace with the couple. Years later, Diarmuid is gored on a boar hunt, and Fionn has the ability to heal with water drunk through his hands. But each time Finn gathers the water, he lets it slip between his fingers and allows the young man to die. In an alternate version, the marriage is a disaster, and a sad Finn overhears Gráinne tell her father how unhappy she is, so he annuls the marriage and is offered the hand of another daughter Ailbe instead.
The Death of Finn McCool
The legend says that Fionn Mac Cumhaill is not dead, merely sleeping with the Fianna in a cave until the hunting horn of the Fianna, the Dord Fiann, is sounded three times. Then he will return and defend Ireland in the hour of her greatest need. But there are several accounts of his death in the annals of history. The 10th-Century poet Cinead húa Hartacáin maintains that Finn was beheaded by Aiclech mac Dubdrenn in the battle against the Lúagni Temrach, in County Meath.
The annals of the four masters state Finn was killed the year AD 283, at Rath-Breagh near the River Boyne. Derived from two manuscript fragments it says that Finn lived to old age, but died jumping across the River Boyne when he banged his head off a rock and/or drowned. He is then found by Aiclech who cuts off his head. So same location, the same end result.
Finn MacCool Final Resting Place
To the East of Leitrim sits Sheebeg (Sí Bheag) and Sheemore (Sí Mhór), -hills steeped in mythology with Cairns on the summit and tombs on the accent. Both hills are said to be sidhe fairy mounds and released fairies and spirits on Samhain (Halloween).
It is said this is the resting place of Grainne, lover of Diarmuid, and daughter of High King Cormac mac Airt. Who in some versions of the story married Fionn after the death of her lover, later throwing herself of his chariot to her death.
Local legend say this is the resting place of Fionn Mac cumhaill as the battle of Gabhra was fought between the hills. Although experts think this was between Tara and Skryne in County Meath.
Regardless the Cairns suggest someone noble was buried here. It’s a stunning site, and from the 479 feet tip of Sheebeg, you can see five counties and fourteen lakes so there are worse spots to spend eternity.
The site was excavated in 1931 and the Irish times at the time reported that at at Sheebeg near Carrick on Shannon in a mound known as that of Finn McCool, two human skeletons were found side by side and facing directly towards the Hill of Tara. Definitely male and female, the woman’s teeth were in perfect condition.
Places named after Fionn MacCumhaill
Fingals Cave, Staffa Island
The link to Scotland is in principle to the similar collection of hexagonal columns that appear in a cave on the Scottish Island of Staffa just a short crossing from the North Antrim Coast in Northern Ireland Indeed on a clear day can be seen from the elevated points around the Causeway.
The most common legend told, however, revolves around a rivalry and an excellent piece of deception.
The Giant’s Causeway
The UNESCO World Heritage Site located in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The Giant’sCauseway has about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns created by an ancient volcanic fissure eruption. Local myth says it was created by Finn Maccumhail
Finn McCools Fingers
Shantemon Stone Row is a set of five standing stones on the Shantemon mountain in County Cavan, arranged in a south-east/north-west orientation. The nickname comes from the story that Fionn mac Cumhaill lost a hand in battle.
As the video above says, a Scottish giant named Benandonner, otherwise known as the Red Man (an Duine Dearg in Scots Gaelic), was believed to roam the West Coast of Scotland. Mac Cumhaill and an Duine Dearg did not see eye to eye and Finn challenged his Scottish rival to a fight while they shouted and threatened each other from across the Sea of Moyle.
Building a Causeway from rocks he found along the Antrim coast, so he could reach his biggest enemy, Finn completes his new crossing only to find that Benandonner is bigger an enemy in more ways than he first thought.
Upon crossing the Causeway, Finn realises that Benandonner is, in fact, significantly more prominent than he first thought. Recognising this he Instantly regrets making the threats and challenging the Scottish foe to a fight, Mac Cumhaill hoped to make it back to Ireland without being noticed by the Scottish giant.
Unfortunately for Finn, he is spotted as he makes his way back and Benandonner gives chase to the Irish warriors home, thought to be in Fort-of-Allen in Co. Kildare….although this is some way from The Giants Causeway!
As Finn runs as fast as he can back home to Ireland, he loses one of his boots and sadly this is no Cinderella story, as the boot was to remain exactly where it was and is still visible at the Causeway today.
With the Scottish giant now across the sea and in Ireland, his massive size is even more evident as Fionn and his wife can feel the tremors of him approaching their house, they are forced to plug their ears with moss to deafen out the sounds of the giant’s approaching footsteps.
Fionn, finding himself in a pickle he was unsure he could get out of alive, turns to Oonagh, his wife, who ingeniously saves the day, by wrapping Finn in a sheet and telling him to settle himself into a babies cot. When Benandonner arrives at her door, she welcomes him, apologising that Fionn is currently out hunting deer.
Welcoming the Scottish Giant into her home, she points out the various weapons adorning the walls that she claims are Finn’s but in reality, would be much too large and heavy for a man of Finn’s size to carry.
As is customary in Ireland, she offers to make Benandonner Fionn’s favourite meal while he waits, instead Oonagh cooks a cake of griddle-bread baked with the iron griddle pressed inside it, on which the Scottish Giant breaks three front teeth, and followed this with a strip of hard fat nailed to a block of red timber, on which the giant loses a further two teeth.
With the Scottish Giant starting to feel he’s bitten off more than he can chew, Oonagh then asks if the visitor would like to meet their new baby and the Scot is shocked and terrified when he sees the size of their “son” who is, of course, Finn wrapped up in a sheet.
Assuming his Irish foe is enormous if this is just his child, the Benandonner makes his excuses to Oonagh, and flees back across the Causeway, destroying it in his wake.
As the legend goes, with Scottish Giant in full flight, Fionn is believed to have grabbed a chunk of stone from Antrim and thrown it after him to scare him from ever venturing back to Ireland again.
The Isle Of Man
The chunk of stone missed, however, and what remains in between is said to be where the Isle of Man comes from. The area where Fionn had taken the stone from later filled with water and is said to have become Lough Neigh, the largest lake in Ireland.
As with so much folklore and legends, many versions are not always told the same way. Some stories saying that Fionn was asleep in bed when Oonagh heard the Scottish giant coming and took it upon herself to hide him.
“When the world was moulded and fashioned out of formless chaos, this must have been the bit over—a remnant of chaos!”
Thackeray’s quote describing the Giants Causeway is not far from the truth. Although the original chaos was on a much larger scale and a very very long time ago.
The causeways 40000 plus columns are so regular that they even look man-made. However, this is far from the truth. The individual columns – the remains of a deep lava flow – are predominantly 5 sided (pentagonal) or 6 sided (Hexagonal); they are so tightly packed that they form a pavement hence causeway) like structure.
Of the three causeways that protrude out into the North Atlantic, none of them actually, despite the legends, continue underwater to Scotland; the causeways stop quite abruptly a short distance offshore, where the sea bed is mostly covered in sand, shell and gravel.
So how did this landscape of the Causeway come to be? The Late (100-66Ma) Between 66 and 100 million years ago, the Cretaceous period, was a time of significant global tectonic change, seeing the breakup of the supercontinents Gondwana and Laurasia, and the opening of the Atlantic Ocean.
It was in this time, during the Upper Santonian age, roughly 85 million years ago, that the maximum period of transgression occurred; sea levels were at an all-time high due to elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 and therefore higher global temperatures and warmer oceans.
Deposits from these warm oceans include the Upper Cretaceous Chalks that can be seen all along the coast and in particular at Whiterocks Beach near Portrush.
Chalk is considered to be a very fine-grained, pure limestone composed of billions of microscopic nannoplankton called coccolithophores.
These marine algae bloomed in the warm oceans, and subsequently, their remains rained down onto the ocean floor between 100 and 500m depth, accumulating as a white ooze and solidifying as chalk. The deposits can reach hundreds of metres in thickness, forming the spectacular white cliffs we see can see in the image above.
Chalk is a soft, highly porous type of pure limestone. The chalks of the north coast are incredibly refined, with less than 0.5% insoluble residues. However, they are also notoriously hard and dense compared to other Cretaceous chalks.
Close examination of the cliff faces reveals thin, laterally continuous crinkled lines that connect to flint nodules. These lines are caused by pressure dissolution of the limestone.
The carbonate material is dissolved into the solution due to increasing overburden, but insoluble material such as silica is left behind, accumulating in thin bands and migrating to form flint nodules that are capable of engulfing and preserving the body and trace fossils Uplift throughout the Jurassic to early Cretaceous period exposed the chalks at the surface and formed the white cliffs we see today.
What caused this chalk to become so condensed? Walking down Whiterocks beach, the homogenous white cliffs are interrupted briefly by a much darker igneous rock. This intrusion, known as a volcanic plug, gives us the first indication of the genesis of the Antrim basalts.
As the North Atlantic began to open at the end of the Cretaceous, magma began to erupt through the chalk firstly in the form of isolated cinder cone volcanoes.
The explosive volcanism brecciated the chalk in many places, and forcibly injected magma blocks into the surrounding rocks, which can be seen as dark coloured boulders within the white cliffs. Over time these vents solidified to produce the volcanic plugs, upon one of which sits the spectacular Dunluce Castle.
As rifting continued, extensive fissures opened up in the earth’s crust resembling those seen in Iceland or Hawaii today, allowing basaltic lava to pour out on top of the chalk.
Three successive pulses of rifting resulted in three distinct phases of volcanic activity; the lower, middle and upper basalts, separated by periods of calm.
The Giant’s Causeway is comprised of the middle basalts. During each phase, successive lava flows erupted onto the surface and pooled in natural hollows in the landscape. Flows range from 7 to 18m in thickness.
The renowned hexagonal pillars of the Giant’s Causeway are formed from the cooling of these immense pools of lava. As the lava cools, it loses heat to the atmosphere at the top, and to the colder country rock through the base of the pool. These cooling fronts move towards each other to the centre of the pool as the lava cools and solidifies.
As it does, the resulting basalt uniformly contracts laterally and cracks into mostly five- and six-sided columns.
These cracks extend upwards and downwards, perpendicular to the cooling fronts, at roughly equal speeds. In an ideal situation, these cracks would eventually join each other at the centre of the flow, creating continuous columns separated by slightly offset cracks at the centre.
However, the main causeway lavas are divided into an upper colonnade, a central entablature and a thick basal colonnade. This is thought to be caused by water seeping into cracks as they were forming, accelerating cooling and disrupting large colonnade formation in the upper and middle sections.
The most spectacular example of this junction is at the aptly named “Organ”.
Following the outpouring and cooling of each of these lava flows, a period of inactivity allowed the topmost section of the basalt to be exposed to intense, persistent tropical weathering, forming a soil rich in iron and aluminium, called laterite.
Laterites form by the leaching of the parent rock during the wet season, the resulting solution is brought to the surface during the dry season and removed, progressively depleting the soil of easily dissolved ions such as sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, leaving behind the more insoluble elements such as aluminium and iron oxides.
It is the iron oxides that give this soil its characteristic brick-red colour.
Laterite formation occurs on the surfaces of the basalt that are in contact with water; on the surface and within cracks in the rock.
As a result, weathering propagates downwards and inwards from cracks, creating “cores” of unweathered basalt that resemble pillow basalt.
These cycles are spectacularly displayed in the amphitheatre shaped cliffs in the image above, from the iconic stepping stones of the middle basalts, through the distinct red layer of the laterite and into the columns of the upper basalts.
The story of the Giant’s Causeway has evolved over many centuries, from myths of giants and man-made pillars to a tremendous primaeval ocean, but one thing that has never changed is the impact that this captivating landscape has had on mankind since we first set foot on the emerald isle, and will continue to evoke awe and wonder for centuries to come.
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The Giants Causeway was said to be discovered in 1692 when William King, the then Anglican Bishop of Derry and future Archbishop of Dublin, along with an unnamed Cambridge Scholar, or Master of Arts, visited the area.
As with many discoveries at this time, they are often attributed to those who first publish their findings. However, the Causeway had been known to locals for a considerable time before the Bishops visit in old Irish as Clochan na bhFomharaigh meaning the “Stepping Stones of the Fomorians. The Fomorians were said to be a small dark people who inhabited Ireland before the Celts.
The first recorded reference to it is a brief mention in a letter by Sir Richard Bulkeley (d. 1710) to Dr Lister in 1693, subsequently published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London. However, Bulkeley had not visited the Causeway himself and was relying on the observations of the Bishop of Derry and ‘a master of arts in Cambridge’.
Bulkeley raised a series of questions concerning the nature of the Causeway’ pillars’, and these were answered in an account of the Giant’s Causeway by Bishop Samuel Foley (1655 – 1695) in 1694, again published in the Philosophical Transactions, accompanied by an engraving from an original drawing by Christopher Cole.
Bishop Foley’s brief note was immediately followed in the same 1694 volume of the Philosophical Transactions by a second article on the Giant’s Causeway by a certain Thomas Molyneux (1661 – 1733), a founder member of the Dublin Society in June 1731. Again, Molyneux did not visit the Causeway but was commenting on the information laid before him in Dublin. Although Cole’s drawing (above) shows the Grand Causeway columns, it is highly stylised and Molyneux, through the then Dublin Philosophical Society, commissioned artist Edwin Sandys to make a more realistic attempt.
An engraving of Sandys’ drawing was subsequently published in the Philosophical Transactions of 1697 by Thomas’ older brother William (1656 – 1698; who himself had founded the Dublin Philosophical Society in 1683), which was referred to in an article on the Causeway by Tomas the following year.
In 1740, the Society offered £25 art premiums and a then-unknown Dublin artist, Susanna Drury, submitted canvasses of the Giant’s Causeway (below) which she had painted during a three-month stay in Antrim. She was awarded a premium, and her paintings were subsequently engraved in London by Francois Vivarès and eventually found their way across Europe.
In 1765, Volume 12 of the great French Encyclopédie was published containing an article on the ‘Pave des geans’ and used one of Drury’s engravings as an illustration. This was followed in 1768 by a volume of plates for the Encyclopédie, containing Drury’s ‘East prospect of the Giant’s Causeway’ next to similar columns of the Auvergne region (below). The captions for these illustrations were written by French geologist Nicolas Desmarest, who had concluded that the Auvergne columns were volcanic in origin.
From Drury’s engravings, he immediately makes the same connection. Thus Nicolas Desmarest is generally accredited with suggesting that the Giant’s Causeway originally formed from erupting volcanic lava, even though he had never actually seen it!
Controversy – Neptune Versus Pluto
Desmarest’s proposal that columnar basalts, such as those in the Auvergne and Giant’s Causeway, had erupted from volcanoes triggered controversy within the fledgeling science of geology which rumbled on for over half a century.
Two entrenched sides developed, one supporting the new idea which became known as Plutonism, the others remaining staunchly behind the generally accepted view at that time, known as Neptunism.
Neptunists followed the ideas of Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749 – 1817) of Freiburg, who proposed that when the Earth first formed, it had been covered by a vast ‘Primaeval Ocean’. As the ocean gradually receded, all the rocks we see around us today crystallised out from the ocean waters. Coal deposits burning underground could erupt some of their black material onto the surface as basalts.
Looking at the black rocks at Portrush, their arguments are understandable; the basalts contained abundant fossils called ammonites, which were taken as evidence for submarine deposition.
Plutonists followed the ‘theory’ proposed by the Edinburgh doctor, James Hutton (1726 – 1797) which first appeared in 1785. Hutton saw the planet in a state of dynamic cyclicity. Mountains were continually eroded and the sedimentary products deposited at the bottom of the oceans.
These would be buried and become rock layers. At depth, they became heated, deformed and pushed back up to the surface to begin another cycle. Hutton’s ideas were revolutionary for two reasons; firstly, he could see, ‘no vestige of a beginning and no prospect of an end’ to the geological history of Earth. Secondly, that the planet had a source of internal heat which heated rocks and in some places could melt them, sending this melt to the surface to erupt from volcanoes.
In the curious case of the Portrush ammonites, vulcanists suggested that the hard black rocks were not basalts at all, but were mudstones that had been baked by the great heat of an intrusion that was pushed up from deep within the Earth.
Portrush Black Rock
The Portrush Rock (Sadly not the sweet kind that keeps dentists in fancy cars) is now a National Nature Reserve, and it’s well worth a visit. It is on the shoreline by the Ramore Head Car Park, facing East Strand Beach. The nearby Portrush Coastal Zone has a wealth of information on the natural and local history of the Causeway Coast from Portrush to Ballycastle.
The Reverand Dr William Hamilton
Finally, in 1784, a keen geologist investigated the Antrim coast.
The Reverend Doctor William Hamilton (1755 – 1797) wrote the first accurate account of the geology of the Antrim Coast as a series of letters to the Earl of Charlemont during 1784, which were subsequently published as a book in 1786. Hamilton’s book puts forward a lucid argument in favour of the volcanic origin of the Causeway.
Considering that he was writing before Hutton’s ‘Theory of the Earth’ had been presented, historians should perhaps give Hamilton more credit for his work.
William Hamilton was also responsible for founding the Museum at Trinity College Dublin in 1777 and was one of the founders of the Royal Irish Academy in 1785. Sadly, Hamilton was murdered during the local unrest leading up to the 1798 rebellion. However, his book on the Causeway Coast remained the benchmark reference on the area long after his death and a second edition were published in 1822.
Today, ‘Hamilton’s Seat’ overlooking Benbane Head commemorates the site where he is said to have often rested while out on horse-back investigating the geology along this stretch of coast.
The First Guidebooks and Travel Writers
In 1788, the Complete Irish Traveller in the Kingdom of Ireland was published in two volumes. This was one of the first popular guidebooks to be published and contained an excellent description of the giant’s Causeway.
Guidebooks flourished throughout the 1830s and 1840s, by which time the Causeway was on almost every traveller to Irelands itinerary (much like today’s tourists). These guidebooks and articles in magazines such as the Dublin Penny Journal and the Illustrated London News featured images and stories of the famous stones.
Naturalists, many travelling in Naturalist club trips, gathered information from the ever-increasing number of geological journals and prints were anxious to see the famous Giant’s Causeway and develop their new-found knowledge. Also, the fledgeling past time of photography was contributing to the interest in the site. Prints were first published in the mid-1800s, and by the end of the century, photographs were appearing regularly in guidebooks, alongside the more traditional engravings and sketches.
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